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Martin Kruskal

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Martin Kruskal

Martin David Kruskal (September 28, 1925 – December 26, 2006) was an award-winning American mathematician and physicist at Princeton University. In 1973, his criticism of Ralph Juergens's paper, "Reconciling Celestial Mechanics and Velikovskian catastrophism" (Pensée, fall, 1972)[1], also appeared in Pensée. (See also the Electric Sun).


On Juergens's paper

Kruskal writes:

"This is certainly an imaginative paper and gives evidence of wide-ranging research and extensive thought on important and challenging problems. Nevertheless, I have serious misgivings about the soundness of the arguments and of the author's competence to tackle such difficult investigations"[2]

Juergen's replies:

"I appreciate Professor Kruskal's willingness to read my paper and submit his criticisms for publication in Pensée. Though I disagree with much of what he has to say" [2]


  1. Ralph Juergens, "Reconciling Celestial Mechanics and Velikovskian Catastrophism", Pensée Vol. 2 No 3: (Fall 1972) "Immanuel Velikovsky Reconsidered II"
  2. a b "On Celestial Mechanics", Martin Krustal, Ralph Juergens, C. E. R. Bruce, Eric W. Crew, Pensée Vol. 3 No 1: (Winter 1973) "Immanuel Velikovsky Reconsidered III"

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