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American Behavioral Scientist

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American Behavioral Scientist is a "journal of creativity and method" founded in 1957 by Alfred de Grazia.[1] It was originally called "Political Research: Organization and Design (P.R.O.D.)". The September 1963 issue was a special issue on Immanuel Velikovsky.[2] A revised and expanded version of this issue was published as a book, The Velikovsky Affair (1966).


Editor de Grazia wrote to the American Behavioral Scientist Advisory Board on March 8, 1963:

"We plan to devote a major portion of our June issue [actually it came out in September] to a topic called: "The Politics of Science: The Velikovsky Case." Immanuel Velikovsky, as you probably know, is a highly controversial figure whose book Worlds in Collision incited the wrath of a number of astronomers and geologists twelve years ago. Several other works dealt with similar themes of prehistoric catastrophe, social upheavals, and the origins of myth. [..] A basic question is the canons which science uses to appraise work that is offered."[3]

de Grazia recalls on the The Velikovsky Affair:

".. a special issue, the American Behavioral Scientist published three papers dealing with the Velikovsky controversy. The first by Ralph Juergens, recounts the story of Dr Velikovsky from its beginnings to the present; tells something of the man and his works. The second, by Livio Stecchini, analyzes the roots of the controversy in the scientific past. A third, by the editor, searches for means by which new discoveries may be brought into the corpus of science, and offers suggestions for reform of present procedure.
"The American Behavioral Scientist did not enter the Velikovsky controversy heedlessly. The papers were read by a number of respected scientists and scholars, who did not necessarily share, of course, all of the views expressed by the authors, nor necessarily subscribe to Dr Velikovsky's views"[4]


The Politics of Science and Dr. Velikovsky
American Behavioral Scientist 1963 7: 3.
Minds in Chaos: A Recital of the Velikovsky Story
American Behavioral Scientist 1963 7: 4-18.
The Inconstant Heavens: Velikovsky in Relation to Some Past Cosmic Perplexities
American Behavioral Scientist 1963 7: 19-30.
  • Topics and Critiques
American Behavioral Scientist 1963 7: 31-32.
  • New Studies in Behavioral Science and Public Policy
American Behavioral Scientist 1963 7: 33-44.
The Scientific Reception System and Dr. Velikovsky
American Behavioral Scientist 1963 7: 45-49.
Some Additional Examples of Correct Prognosis
American Behavioral Scientist 1963 7: 50-68.


  1. Short biography of Alfred de Grazia at the Grazian Archive website
  2. American Behavioral Scientist, September 1963, Volume 7, No. 1
  3. Alfred de Grazia, "Ch.2 The Prodigal Archive", Cosmic Heretics
  4. Alfred de Grazia, "Introduction to The First Edition" The Velikovsky Affair, 1966
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